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Gone are the days when men were considered the sole bread earners, while women were limited to the role of home-makers. It is the year 2020 and more and more women are entering the workforce throughout the world. Pakistan, too, is witnessing a slow yet steady rise in women’s participation in the labor force.
To further support the rise in this trend, a longitudinal study conducted by Jennifer Caputo, research scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Germany, has found out that women who are employed consistently during greater part of their lives tend to live longer and age better physically and mentally than their non-working counterparts.
The thirty-six year old study began in 1967 which analyzed 5,100 working women who were then aged between 30-44 years. Throughout the study period, their physical, mental, emotional wellbeing along with their professional progress was observed until they were 66-80 years old. Findings suggested that women who worked continuously for 20 years demonstrated less health complications than those who were never employed.
Mental health was also found to benefit from work as the study showed that working women were likely to have healthier mental health and less likely to be depressed in their old age as compared to stay-at-home women.
On the other hand, however, it was indicated that negative work experience has a drastic impact on the health of women. Workplace discrimination may induce demotivation and stress, which may then result in deterioration of health later as they age.